Pilot language

Like many other professions, pilots have their own language and expressions. Here, we have collected some of the most common expressions that Gripen pilots use. If you want to talk like one, this is the place to start. 

Hands On Throttle And Stick

Modern fighters have every imaginable control function mounted on either the stick (right hand) or the throttle quadrant (left hand), so that the pilot need not fumble around in the cockpit.


Head-Up Display

A transparent screen mounted on the dashboard on which pertinent data from flight instruments and weapons systems are projected. The HUD eliminates the need to look down into the cockpit to read instruments.


Identification Friend or Foe

An electronic means of identifying aircraft, part of the military's transponder system that tells other jets and ground crews if a dude is a good guy or a bad guy.


Electronic Counter Measures

A means of attempting to confuse enemy radars. Some fighter aircraft carry an ECM device internally, while others carry an external ECM pod.

Electronic warfare (EW)

Refers to any action involving the use of the electromagnetic spectrum or directed energy to control the spectrum, attack an enemy, or impede enemy assaults via the spectrum. The purpose of electronic warfare is to deny the opponent the advantage of, and ensure friendly unimpeded access to, the EM spectrum. EW can be applied from air, sea, land, and space by manned and unmanned systems, and can target humans, communications, radar, or other assets.


Infra-red search and track (IRST)

IRST is a generalized case of forward looking infrared (heat sources such as aircraft engine exhaust), i.e. from forward-looking to all-round situational awareness. Such systems are passive, meaning they do not give out any radiation of their own, unlike radar. This gives them the advantage that they are difficult to detect.


Beyond Visual Range (BVR) 

The ability to engage an enemy aircraft prior to being able to see him. The term beyond-visual-range missile usually refers to an air-to-air missile (BVRAAM) that is capable of engaging at ranges of 20 nmi (37 km) or beyond. This range has been achieved using dual pulse rocket motors or booster rocket motor
and ramjet sustainer motor.

A pitot-static system

Is a system of pressure-sensitive instruments that is most often used in aviation to determine an aircraft's airspeed, Mach number, altitude, and altitude trend.